A 4 phases method
When supervised by a health professional, the Eurodiet method enables nutritional reprogramming. Its four customized phases provide an optimal protein intake, a low carb. diet and, to be more specific:
- a very-low-carbohydrate ketogenic (VLCK) diet during phases 1 & 2
- a low-calorie and low-glycaemic-load diet during phases 3 & 4.
These phases are easy to follow. Your health professional will tell you how to chose your meals to achieve an effective and user-friendly diet.
The "very-low-carb." phases 1 & 2
Phases 1 & 2 of the Eurodiet method are designed to induce moderate physiological ketosis under medical supervision, within specific indications and in the absence of contraindications.
Inspired by our scientific observation of fasting, the ketosis induced by our diet should not be mistaken for diabetic ketoacidosis. It is a metabolic state induced by a reduced carbohydrate (CHO) intake. To compensate for the low-CHO blood level, the body uses the fatty acids found in fatty tissues to make ketone bodies which are then used as "fuel" instead of glucose.
It is because ketogenic dieting has been demonstrated as both effective and safe when it is part of a structured programme and conducted under medical supervision that we have chosen it as a starting phase for our weight loss and long-term maintenance programme.
It is generally admitted that ketogenic diets enable rapid and consequent weight loss, mainly at the expense of the fat mass (fatty tissue) whilst the lean mass is preserved by an appropriate intake in high-quality protein. Moreover, several studies have demonstrated that a greater initial weight loss encouraged optimal long-term weight maintenance1.
The safety and effectiveness of ketogenic weight management have been broadly demonstrated by numerous studies on obesity and its metabolic complications, notably type-2 diabetes.
The "Low-carb" phases : 3 & 4
These phases are low-carbohydrate diets with a low glycaemic load and index. They may either follow ketogenic management or be used in first intent, depending on indications (excess weight or obesity).
Low-carb diets have long been demonstrated as effective for loosing weight1 and/or managing metabolic syndromes and type-2 diabetes2.Their long-term reliability has been assessed by controlled studies with up to two years of follow up and by surveys covering up to 2 decades.3
After a VLCK diet, the gradual reintroduction of carbohydrates is essential to avoid weight regain.The Eurodiet method recommends a progressive, step-by-step, reintroduction of carbohydrates, mainly from vegetables, fruit and cereals. Added sugars and foods containing refined sugars (i.e. with a high glycaemic load) should be restricted.
Phases 3 & 4 are low-carb. and low-glycaemic-load dieting phases. Depending on your profile, they may either be used following phases 1 & 2, or form the initial phase of your programme.
1 Astrup A, Rössner S. Lessons from obesity management programmes: greater initial weight loss improves long-term maintenance. Obesity Reviews 2000 1 (1), 17–19
2 Shai I, Schwarzfuchs D, Henkin Y, et al. Weight loss with a low-carbohydrate, Mediterranean, or low-fat diet. The New England Journal of Medicine 2008 July 359 (3): 229–41.
3 Accurso A, Bernstein RK, Dahlqvist A, et al. Dietary carbohydrate restriction in type 2 diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome: time for a critical appraisal. Nutr Metab. 2008 Apr 8;5:9.