News in Brief March 31st 2014
12th International Congress on Obesity (ICO) - Malaysia - March 17 - 20, 2014 (pdf available)
Women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus achieve clinically significant weight loss on low glycaemic index diets Shyam, S et al. Obesity Reviews 15 (Suppl. 2), p 92, March 2014. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/obr.12149/abstract
Seventy-seven women with previous gestational diabetes were given recommendations about conventional low-fat diets, which they followed for one year. Some of them were also advised to eat food with a low glycemic index. Those on low glycemic index diets lost more weight and their waist-to-hip ratios decreased more than those of women on conventional low-fat diets.
Are personality traits related to successful weight loss in obese women ? Nadjarzadeh, A et al. Obesity Reviews 15 (Suppl. 2), p 114, March 2014. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/obr.12150/abstract
Ninety obese women completed the Temperament and Character Inventory questionnaire and enrolled in a programme designed to help them lose 10 % of their weight. Those who achieved the weight loss targeted obtained high scores in terms of persistence, cooperativeness and reward dependence.
Obesity as a cause of cancer: epidemiologic and biologic mechanisms. Byers T. Obesity Reviews 15 (Suppl. 2), p 82, March 2014. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/obr.12149/abstract
Excess adiposity may be responsible for 17 % of breast cancer cases, 50 % of endometrial cancer cases, 20 % of bile duct cancer cases, 35 % of esophageal cancer cases, 10 % of colon cancer cases, 25 % of kidney cancer cases, and 25 % of pancreatic cancer cases. These effects may be due to a hyper-inflammatory state and/or the combined effects of growth factors induced by excess adiposity.
Body mass index, abdominal fatness and risk of gallbladder disease: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of cohort studies. Aune D et al. Obesity Reviews 15 (Suppl. 2), p 81, March 2014. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/obr.12149/abstract
In this study, a positive association was found to exist between subjects’ body fat levels and the risk of gallbladder disease. In subjects whose BWI has increased by 5 marks, this risk becomes 62 % higher. Even a slight increase in the BWI is liable to aggravate this risk.
Obesity indices related to Obstructive Sleep Apnea in obese patients. Lee, S Obesity Reviews 15 (Suppl. 2), p 109, March 2014. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/obr.12150/abstract
Several factors have been found to be associated with Obstructive Sleep Apnea in obese patients: a high risk of Obstructive Sleep Apnea is associated with a mean BWI of 32.6 kg/m² and with a neck circumference-to-height ratio (in centimeters) of 0.24. The latter marker is particularly strongly associated with the risk of Sleep Apnea Syndrome.